Below are tips for removing some of the most common and stubborn of stains even when you think your clothes might be ruined.
Boil some water and stretch your fabric over a bowl. Carefully pour the water through the stain. Apply a commercial stain remover and wait for about 30 minutes before washing.
For red wine, coat the stain with salt. Boil water and stretch fabric over a bowl. Carefully pour the water through the stain. For white wine, run cold water over the stain, then spray with dish-soap solution (approximately one tablespoon of clear soap in one cup of water) and dab with commercial stain remover.
Scrape off any excess and then apply dish-soap solution (approximately one tablespoon of clear soap in one cup of water). Blot with a damp towel to remove any residue. If the stain persists, apply a few drops of white vinegar.
Flush the stain with white vinegar, then apply a dish-soap solution (approximately one tablespoon of clear soap in one cup of water) and let sit for 15 minutes then wash as usual.
Rub an ice cube over the spot to freeze the gum, then chip away with a blunt tool as much as possible. To loosen remaining residue, apply a lubricant, like glycerin, then scrape it off. Rinse. If any gum remains, dab with dish soap.
Sprinkle cornstarch on the spot and let sit to soak up the oil. Rinse with cool water. Apply commercial stain remover and let sit for 15 minutes.
Spray the spot with a hair spray with alcohol in it and let sit for 10 minutes. Wipe with a damp cloth to remove any residue and remaining stain.
For pen, apply rubbing alcohol with a clean toothbrush. Dab with a cotton ball. Let dry. Rinse with dish-soap solution (approximately one tablespoon of clear soap in one cup of water). For permanent marker, use a toothbrush to rub commercial stain remover into the spot.
Dirt or mud
Scrape off any excess once the stain is dry. Dilute laundry detergent with water and rub it on to form suds, then rinse with warm water. If any stain remains, apply a solution of one part white vinegar and one part water to lighten it.
For a wet stain, soak in water, then dab on ammonia with a cotton swab. For a dry stain, soak in salt water for a few hours and rinse. Then apply with ammonia solution (one part ammonia to two parts water).
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